Communicable Diseases

A communicable disease is an infectious disease which can be transmitted from person to person, from animal to person, and from animal to animal. To protect public health, certain diseases and conditions are required to be reported in a timely manner by specific health care providers, administrators, and laboratory directors as per NJ Administrative Code Title 8, Chapters 57 and 58. Information and reporting guidelines are available at: http://www.state.nj.us/health/cd/reporting.shtml

  • Hepatitis is a viral infection causing inflammation of the liver. Most common types in the US are three different types of viruses
  • causing Hepatitis A, B, and C.
  • Viral Hepatitis — Centers for Disease Control (CDC) information on all types of Hepatitis
  • Hepatitis A — PubMed Health page from National Institutes of Health (NIH) on signs, symptoms and treatment of Hepatitis A;
  • is also known as HAV or HepA, causes acute liver disease; HepA vaccine recommended starting at twelve months; is usually spread through fecal matter
  • Fact Sheet on Hepatitis A from NJ Department of Health and Senior Services
  • Hepatitis B — PubMed Health page from NIH on signs, symptoms and treatment of Hepatitis B; also known as HepB or HBV; Immunizations
  • given at birth, and twice in the first 12 months, and again by 18 months; can be transmitted by blood, bodily fluids, as well as tattoos, acupuncture or sharing needles or personal items with an infected person; some infected people's bodies cannot completely get rid of the virus
  • Fact Sheet on Hepatitis B from NJ Department of Health and Senior Services
  • Hepatitis C — PubMed Health page from NIH on signs, symptoms and treatment of Hepatitis C; also called Non-A hepatitis; Non-B hepatitis;
  • caused by Hepatitis C virus (HCV); can be transmitted by blood, bodily fluids, as well as tattoos, acupuncture or sharing needles or personal items with an infected person; most infected people develop chronic HepC
  • Fact Sheet on Hepatitis C from the NJ Department of Health and Senior Services

The Bernards Township Health Department is a Contractual Health Agency serving: Bernards Township, Bernardsville Borough, Chester Borough,
Long Hill Township, Mendham Borough, Mendham Township, Peapack and Gladstone Borough.